The name ‘Behind the curtain’ grew from the ‘iron curtain’ distributed by Winston Churchill, who on 5th march 1946 defined the geopolitical situation in Europe: ‘From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent’. The iron curtain divided Europe into two hostile worlds, which deprived the peoples of opportunities to exchange ideas and concepts. In communist countries, government controlled almost every aspect of life of citizens who were struggling with pervasive poverty – shops were empty and to acquire the basic articles of daily use such as toilet paper was a challenge.
Despite the difficult economic situation in communist countries, the culture was very good, often known as the golden period. People were looking for a break from everyday life in artistic activities. What’s more, the power in the countries behind the Iron Curtain generously funded culture, but only the one that was in line with the ideology of People’s Democracy. In this regard, the artists, who often criticized the current policy, economy, power, had to put more effort into making their message spared by censorship, but at the same time remained readable by the recipient.